educated at the court of the emperor Claudius, and at the
time of his father's death was only seventeen years old.
Claudius therefore kept him at Rome, and sent Cuspius
Fadus as procurator of the kingdom, which thus again
became a Roman province. While at Rome, he voiced his
support for the Jews to Claudius, and against the
Samaritans and the procurator of Iudaea Province,
Ventidius Cumanus, who was lately thought to have been the
cause of some disturbances there. On the death of Herod
of Chalcis (in 48), his small principality was given to
Agrippa, with the right of superintending the Temple and
appointing the high priest. In 53, he was deprived of that
kingdom by Claudius, who made him governor over the
tetrarchy of Philip and Lysanias. Agrippa celebrated by
marrying off his two sisters Mariamne and Drusilla.
In 55, Nero added the cities of Tiberias and Taricheae in
Galilee, and Julias, with fourteen villages near it, in
Peraea. Agrippa expended large sums in beautifying
Jerusalem and other cities, especially Berytus. His
partiality for the latter rendered him unpopular amongst
his own subjects, and the capricious manner in which he
appointed and deposed the high priests made him disliked
by the Jews. Agrippa failed to prevent his subjects from
rebelling, and urged instead that they tolerate the
behavior of the Roman procurator Gessius Florus. But in 66
the Jews expelled him and Berenice from the city.
During the First Jewish-Roman War of 66–73, he sent 2,000
men, archers and cavalry, to support Vespasian, showing
that, although a Jew in religion, he was entirely devoted
to the Romans. He accompanied Titus on some campaigns,
and was wounded at the siege of Gamala. After the capture
of Jerusalem, he went with his sister Berenice to Rome,
where he was invested with the dignity of praetor and
rewarded with additional territory.
Apostle Paul On Trial by Nikolai Bodarevsky , 1875.
Agrippa and Berenice are both seated on thrones.
According to Photius, Agrippa died, childless, at the age
of seventy, in the third year of the reign of Trajan, that
is, 100, but statements of historian Josephus, in addition
to the contemporary epigraphy from his kingdom, cast this
date into serious doubt. The modern scholarly consensus
holds that he died before 93/94. He was the last prince of
the house of the Herods.